Pietro da Cortona, born Pietro Berrettini on November 1, 1506, is better known by the name of his native town, Cortona. He studied under the influence of Florentine painters Andrea Commodi and Baccio Ciarpi. He was a painter, architect, and even considered a decorator. Some of his most famous pieces include his design of the church of SS. Luca e Martina in Rome, and the fresco of Allegory of Divine Providence in the Barberini Palace.
Frescoes in Pitti Palace
His frescoes in Pitti Palace were also very well known. They consisted of very elaborate stucco work and were meant to represent the lineage of the powerful Medici family. He completed the first four and his pupil, Ciro Ferri, completed the rest in the 1660s after Pietro's death. Each suite that he painted was named after the different planets. He would treat the entire surface of the ceiling as the canvas, acting as if the entire surface was one spatial unit.