Hannah Wilke, S. O. S. Starification Series. She uses her
body to send a message. Her message is how women are treated as sex objects. She’s
possessed with pieces of chewing gum on her body and face. The pieces of gum is
a metaphor for masturbation. Just like the way the gum is chew –
up and down. For the message is very clear and strong. Again art being used to
send a statement.
David LaChapelle Sermon from
the Jesus is My Homeboy series. This art work was a way to relate to a
group of people, the poor, the homeless, prostitutes, drug dealers, gangsters,
and so on. Obviously the Christians group did not approve of this. But, I think
this a clever way to spread Christianity to those groups of people. Maybe if
they see themselves a little bit, you can convey the message of faith more
Bird’s Nest Olympic Stadium. This stadium was designed for
use of the 2008 Summer Olympics and Paralympics. Located at the Olympic Green,
the stadium cost US$423 million. The design of this large stadium was
accomplished together by Swiss architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron
and Chinese architect Li Xinggang. The form of the stadium looks like a big
nest which embraces and nurses human beings.
Felix-Gonzalez-Torres Untitled (Portrait of Ross in L.A.) (1991).
this is kind of like a portrait of his deceased partner, Ross Laycock. In this
installation art work comprised of 175 pounds of candy, corresponding to Ross’s
ideal body weight. The viewers are encouraged
to take a piece of candy. This is a very unique way to call a statement out. And
as the viewer’s take a piece of candy, one by one – the installation is making
a metaphor: little by little Ross’s weight is being loss and little by little
is to his death. The message is how society was ignoring the AIDS epidemic in
the gay community.
Faith Ringgold Flag for the Moon: Die Nigger (1969). Ringgold used her art to protest
racism and gender inequality. In this work she is trying to say, that we can
put a man in the moon, but we can’t figure the logic that is everyone is equal.
Again art plays a crucial role in
conveying the message to people. For me the art has a very strong persuasive
message. And am big fan when art is use to set a statement.
graffiti stencil (2005) West Bank barrier, Palestine. Keeping his identity
secret, the graffiti artist Banksy has made a name for himself with provocative
images stencilled around the streets of London. This is a very friendly
graffiti compare to what people are used to seeing. I liked it a lot. It’s
simple and just something nice to look at. In Banksy's website it says that the
West Bank barrier is "the ultimate activity holiday destination for
more of his works with the same characteristics:
I discovered Bansky by the blog/website honestlywtf.com which is in some ways a forecaster for new art, music, and cultural trends. I knew relatively nothing about the idea of street art, but I found Banksy's work appealing because it was ironic and unexpected, and at times very funny. And because the website is well respected in the art world, I thought that the artist had to have some legitimacy. So when I saw Exit Through The Gift Shop years later online, I thought that I would give it a try. The documentary focuses a bit on the street art movement at first, but eventually becomes a commentary on what art is in general. Oddly enough, though, I began to question the concept of art I had somewhat early in the documentary. When I first saw Shepard Fairey's works, I immediately recognized them. From the Obey sign to the iconic Hope Barack Obama poster, the works were not foreign in the least bit, although I did not even recognize Fairey's name or face. As someone who has always been involved in art, to have seen a respected Artist's work and not given it acknowledgement as art even, it was an odd phenomenon for myself.
Commercialism is infiltrated for certain in art today. However beyond commercialism, we have graphic design, street art, and architecture putting art where we never expected it to be possible before. I believe that the street art movement is one of the defining moments in out society. We are becoming less a "gallery" community of art viewers and expect now art almost everywhere we look. Aesthetically, this is pleasing, but it will be interesting to look at one point in the future and observe how the artists have changed in their appreciation and desire to take credit for their works, which seems to be a dying desire in real art.
Damien Hirst, For
the Love of God was a very controversial work. This is a platinum and diamond
skull. The reason is because he used an actual human skull for this work. The
piece is worth 50 million pounds, making the most expensive contemporary
artwork. There are mix reactions about this work. This is the work Damien Hirst
is known for, he has made his name and fortune shocking the people and being
very controversial. But Damien is always pushing the boundaries especially when
he used a dead baby’s skull. I personally don’t like it. I feel we need to respect,
especially when the only purpose is to call attention the benefit you.
Here is a picture,
titled: Damien Hirst For Heaven’s Sake 2008
Hirsch's The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living is another work that reminds me a lot about philosophy. Martin Heidegger, an existentialist philosopher said that death is the only experience in life which we truly experience all on our own, anything otherwise is inherently interactive or social in some way. We cannot experience anyone else's death, and they cannot experience ours. Therefore, it is in some ways impossible to physically experience death in our mind when we are still living. Even the though of the process is somewhat impossible because we have never experienced it, and when we do it will only happen once.
I'm not sure that this is what Hirsch was going for exactly, but it does play a role in how I would view the art if I were to see it today. Much like Rachel Whiteread's casts, The shark is a symbol of something past. It no longer lives and interacts with its environment. As a result, the only interaction which it can be present in is up to us as viewers to create and manipulate.
In my research on the piece, I found that the original shark had actually begun to deteriorate, and was eventually replaced by another. It is interesting that the shark was actually replaced, as it seems to say in its own way that nothing lasts forever (the shark), except the social and cultural concepts we construct and choose to continue.
Bill Viola, The Crossing (1996) is a video and sound
installation. Viola reveals the cycles and dualities of life through the
universal symbols of fire and water. This canonical work is indicative of
Viola’s ability to convey extraordinary complexity via simple action and expert
use of scale and sound. I think this a very cool way to combine art and
technology. Viola takes advantage of the technology to make innovated art.
Chris Burden, Shoot, F Space (1971) is a performance art. In
this performance where Burden gets shot with a riffle representing the Vietnam
War pointless mission. It was signifying that young people were just going to
the war to die without purpose. Many performance arts were used to make a
political statement. For me they have a huge impact in conveying the message.
Jeff Koons is fantastic because he has really been able to play into the culture now of modern art. Not simply by appealing to other audiences of artists and critics, but putting all of his effort into pleasing his consumer. Art buying has formed a culture of its own now days. People have an entire range of prices and styles to buy from, and Koons has taken advantage of the fact that many people who are interested in buying art are buying it with the intention of impressing others, or showing off their wealth, or even just as a recognized way of making conversation. From that emerged Balloon Dog. It is on the surface a somewhat simple play on something that many people experienced as a child, but put into a large, shiny piece of adult art. In some ways it seems like a mix between something that could be found in a preschool and something found in a pawn shop. However, Koons has made it his own signature and as a result made something that those who do look to art for the social aspects of it flock to. Because of its signature appeal, it stands in both the art and commercial world. Interestingly enough, for Jeff Koons, the real art he creates may be less in the material and more in the profit aspect of his success.
La Grande Vitesse by
Alexander Calder is a steel sculpture. It was created by Alexander Calder in
1969, and is often simply referred to by locals as "The Calder'. The sculpture is consider stabile, which means
a stationary sculpture that uses multiple flat planes to give the appearance of
volume and movement. Calder first studied the architectural plans, scale, and
materials of the buildings before building it. He designed a sculpture that
responded well to the plaza and the surrounding architecture.
Surrounded Islands 1983 by Christo and Jeanne-Claude. In
1983, eleven of the islands situated in Biscayne Bay, Greater Miami, were
surrounded with 6.5 million square feet of floating pink woven polypropylene
fabric covering the surface of the water and extending out from each island
into the bay. The public were very happy
with the installation. This is a work that you must be present to enjoy it to
the fullest. The installation was there for two weeks.
This are the permits obtained from the following
The Governor of Florida and the Cabinet
The Dade County Commission
The Department of Environmental Regulation
The City of Miami Commission
The City of North Miami
The Village of Miami Shores
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
The Dade County
Department of Environmental Resources Management
Nine Fields Divided by Means of Two Colors by Max Bill. Bill
believed that everything from the Point of WWI was corrupted and evil. So, he
wanted to restore the damage from a new Art style. An art style of mathematical
order and no special meaning behind the art. As you can see in the art work,
there is a uniform and mathematical order. You have nine equally lines, equally
colors, and perfect symmetry.
Number 1, 1950 (Lavender Mist) by Jackson Pollock. In 1947 Jackson Pollock introduced a radically
innovative method of painting in which he poured paint directly onto unprimed
canvas that he tacked to the studio floor. His process, which was filmed in
1950 by the photographer Hans Namuth, was spontaneous and intuitive, Pollock exercised
remarkable control over it and insisted, "there is no accident." I love his work and in no way something
anybody can do. A lot people say they can, but this something done by a special
Ancient Sound, Abstract on Black (1925) by Paul Klee. This
painting is a representation of the ancient sound. It is expressed through
color mixtures made through a generative process inspired in the contemplation
of growth in nature. Klee understands that darker colors represent lower tones
in nature and lighter shades represent high pitch tones. Klee’s is known for
his themes drawn from music, nature and poetry.
Mystery and Melancholy of a Street by Giorgio de Chirico. It’s
a painting where is clear the day will soon end. The painting is heavily
influenced by the writings of the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. De Chirico
painted lonely, urban landscapes that almost had a large locomotive. The
immensity of the buildings were intended to dwarf the spectator and for them to
become uncomfortable. For me it feels so
much loneliness and fear from the artist.
The Persistence of Memory by Salvador Dali is a painting
where time is the theme. Dalí frequently described his paintings as “hand
painted dream photographs.” He based this seaside landscape on the cliffs in
his home region of Catalonia, Spain. The large central creature comprised of a
deformed nose and eye was drawn from Dalí’s imagination, although it has
frequently been interpreted as a self-portrait. For me this painting looks like
a weird, confusing nightmare. This are the types of art that have many
imaginations themes and random objects put together, this called
Several Circles, No. 323(1926) by Vasily Kandinsky, the
transparent color circles float serenely across one another above an
indeterminate, gray-black ground, like planets orbiting space. Kandinsky
revered the circle as a link with the cosmic and as form that points to the
fourth dimension. Finally, I personally love this work because of the feeling
you are in space.
Unique Forms of Continuity in Space is a bronze futurist sculpture
by Umberto Boccioni. This is seen as an expression of movement and fluidity. Boccioni
had a short, but productive life. The Futurist movement was striving to portray
speed and forceful dynamism in their art. His sculptures were based on the energetic
movements that symbolized the modern machine age. I love this sculpture and the
representation of machine. It gives you the illusion that the sculpture is
moving in fast speed.
Villa Savoye a house designed by Le Corbusier. The house was
originally built as a country retreat on behest of the Savoye family. This is a
three-bedroom house, beautifully sited in an open field, is almost a square in
plan, with the upper living area supported on delicate piers. Le Corbusier is considered one of the most
influential architects of the 20th century. He is credited with changing the
face of urban architecture, bringing it into the technological age. In 1923 Le
Corbusier wrote: “The house is a machine for living in.” This was a radically
Le Corbusier had five
points to new Architecture.
1)The supports – PILOTIS – elevating the mass off
2)The free plan- the interior wall independent of
the support system can be arranged in a free plan
3)The free façade, the corollary of the free plan
in the vertical plane
4)The long horizontal sliding window
5)The flat roof or roof garden, restoring,
supposedly, the area of ground covered by the house.
L.H.O.O.Q. by Marcel Duchamp is a postcard-sized
reproduction of the famous Mona Lisa, but with a mustache drawn and goatee. This
was Duchamp clever way of outsmarting art. Duchamp was artists that consider
every move like a chess game. He was always thinking of the next move to make.
This type of art is called “readymade” is when the artist takes an ordinary
manufactured object and modifies it, by adding, changing them, or simply
renaming them and placing them in a gallery setting.
I Saw the Figure Five in Gold by Charles Demuth is a
painting representing a fire truck. It references a William Carlos Williams
poem about a Fire Engine speeding through the streets of a city. The painting
is one of a series of eight abstract portraits of friends that Demuth made
between 1924 and 1929, which were exhibited at Alfred Stieglitz's gallery 291
Books! is a poster created by Aleksandr Rodchenko. Rodchenko was one of the leading artists in
the post-revolutionary era. In this 1924 poster, Rodchenko combines the two
media in an image that is mechanical and linear. In the poster the text are in big block
letters, is clear and legible. The photograph of a woman who appears to be
calling out the Russian word for “books” is Lilya Brik, a fellow member of the
Constructivist circle. The constructivist circle was a group a group of artists
set out to reconceive the role of art in society. This is what I like about
art, that it can make a political statement.
Airplane Flying by Kazimir Malevich, who was not only a painter, but an
art theoretician. In the painting you see geometric objects. There are 13 objects
(3 black, 2 blue, 6 yellow, and 2 red) He was a pioneer of geometric abstract
art and the originator of the avant-garde Suprematism movement. In 1915, he
laid down the foundations of Suprematism. Because his new style claimed
supremacy over the forms of nature, he called it “Suprematism.”
Les Demoiselles d’Avignon is one the most radical painting
of the twentieth-century painted by Pablo Picasso. This is a painting
representing five prostitutes at the time a very radical way of expressing it. This
type of cubism is called proto-cubism. Proto-cubism has pictorial dismantling
of forms and figures, combined with subversion of western artistic sources and
influences. When it first appeared it was as if the art world had collapsed. This
large work took Picasso nine months. Picasso created hundreds of sketches and
studies in preparation for the final work. This was a revolutionary work, but
there was so much controversial, even Henri Matisse was angry about this
The painter Derain had this to say after seeing the
“One day we shall find Pablo has hanged himself behind his
Banjo Lesson is an artwork portraying an elder teaching a
boy how to play a banjo. This is a moving and memorable scene. This was painted
by Henry Ossawa Tanner, which also painted more scenes from everyday life. In
this painting, Tanner showed a positive and dignified image of Africans
Americans. In 1895, believing he could not fulfill his artistic aspirations in
America, Tanner settled in Paris. There, he focused on religious paintings.
Yayoi Kusama, Dots Obsession (1998) is something that I studied in my Color Theory class about a year ago. Ironically, her instillations only really focus on two different colors rather than many, but because they are instillations, they create much more dimensions of color than one may suspect on first glance. The shadows and light and strak contrast between colors create a complex which makes one think differently about dots, as well as the use of the two (usually primary) colors which are there. Additionally, polka dots are a somewhat standard print which has been around for a while. It does not take an art master to find something which is covered with the print. But Kusama's art is not simply polka dots. Her dots reflect more the kind of dots in nature, leading the viewer to make their own distinctions and interpretations. For myself, each time I look at the dots I have a different experience. It has ranged from seeing them as the inside of a cartoon mushroom to the inside of blood vessels in the human body. One fantastic part of instillations is that by forcing so much an idea or concept in the viewer's face, it forces some opinion or reaction. Whether for good or bad, people will come out of the exhibit with an impression left on them.
I also found it interesting that Kusama actually collaborated with Louis Vuitton, an expensive designer brand that often rides the line between mainstream and avant garde depending on it's collections. Again, in this collaboration Kusama focused on dots, but they were put on top of the iconic labels of the LV brand. It was to some, an odd pairing, but I believe that it is a great example of how Kusama's art is really present, and a display of her obsession. To me, it offers up a little commentary on addition. If one were to be so infatuated with something that it infiltrates their life and shows up on their purse, it is an obsession for certain.
The Painter’s Triumph
by William Sidney Mount is a one of the greatest of all American genre painters.
He believed that not just Europeans could produce amazing art, but also
Americans; and that you didn’t have to study art in Europe to be good -- everything
can also be done in America. I agree with his point. In this painting you see the
painter showing the farmer his art. As you can see they both seem happy and
bring a warm and comical feeling. Mount
painted humorous depictions of everyday life as well as subtler explorations of
political, class, and even racial issues facing the young country.
Female Dancer by Emil Nolde is a dramatic, intense print. Nolde
was a prolific and experimental print maker artist. This is one of his most
excited and dramatic works. You see a dancer dancing ecstatically. Nolde was
interesting in modern dance and tribal arts of Africa, which are his influences
to this work. He believed the tribal cultures were pure and authentic in contrast
to the European culture, that for him were corrupted. Dancer was Nolde’s
favorite of 13 lithographs he made. The artwork doesn’t have so many elements,
but when you understand the message behind the artwork, you can see them all.
He combines several of his key themes: the depiction of unbridled emotion, the
freedom embodied by dance, the desires expressed by unfettered eroticism, and a
fascination with the peoples and cultures beyond Europe’s borders.
The Open Window by Henri
Matisse is among the very first fauve works. Fauvism was the first of the avant-garde
movement that flourished in France. The Fauve painters were the first to break
with Impressionism as well as with older traditional methods of perception. You see sailboats and a balcony with
flowerpots. The colors used were how Matisse conceived and structured his image.
The colors of the objects are not the conventional, which is a major point of
Fauve Art. Fauvism lets the artist express exactly how he sees and feels. The
leader of this movement was Matisse, who had arrived at the Fauve style after
earlier experimenting with the various Post-Impressionist styles and e
Neo-Impressionism. These influences inspired him to reject traditional three
A quote from Henri
colored surfaces. Search for intensity of color, subject matter being
unimportant. Reaction against the diffusion of local tone in light.
Light...expressed by a harmony of intensely colored surfaces. “
The Scream by Edvard Munch is one of the most recognizable paintings
in the world. Munch created four versions of them. The image has its source in
Munch’s experience. As the artist walked across a bridge with friends at
sunset, he was seized with despair and “felt a great infinite scream pass
through nature.” The Scream is the artist’s best known work and most widely
reproduced image. It has become a symbol of modern anxiety and alienation. These
are the kinds of work that a lot people can relate to. I personally love it. There’s
not a lot works that bring so much emotions to viewer.
Entrance to the Porte Dauphine Metropolitain station designed
by Hector Guimard. This work is considered pure Art Nouveau. There were not so
much architectural structures as decorative signs and symbols. The entrance was
constructed out of prefabricated parts of cast iron and glass. There was one
critic who described the entrance as dragonfly’s wings. It has a transparent
canopy and panel "windows" above, and orange paneled walls below,
each panel replicating the same scrolling Art Nouveau pattern that echoes the
ironwork of the frame. There is a combination of imagination and functionally. For
me the entrance looks like a path to a different world. I’m positive that when
people walk in to the entrance there’s a feeling of joy.
Here are some pictures as you enter the Metro Station.
Marshall Field Wholesale Store was a commercial warehouse
building designed by Henry Hobson Richardson. Modern architecture is said to
have emerged in the United States by this building. Richardson achieved an
effect of monumental mass and stability. Richardson did not focus on historical
designs or architecture traditions; he demonstrated that a large commercial
building could be expressed as a single integrated unit. Not all buildings must
contain a symbolic meaning, especially when the purpose is just business. The windows are
contained by massive Romanesque arches, which give the impression of having
four levels, but in fact there are seven floors and a sunken basement. Marshall
Field and Company closed the building in 1930 after the opening of the
Merchandise Mart, then the world's largest building, which consolidated all
company wholesale business under a single roof.
This is a picture of the Merchandise Mart building,
responsible for putting an end of the Marshall Field Wholesale Store:
The Night Café by Vincent van Gogh is a painting that shows
van Gogh deepest fears. Van Gogh painted in September 1888 while he was living
in Arles. Earlier in the year he had moved to a room at the Café de la Gare,
where the room depicted in this painting was. The Night Café is a nightmare of
deep-green ceiling, blood-red walls, and discordant greens in the furniture. The
bright yellow floor is tilted so that the contents of the room threaten to
slide toward the viewer. The result is a terrifying experience of
claustrophobic. I think that was very unique way to convey his feeling towards
the café. For Van Gogh the café is a place where one can ruin oneself, go mad
or commit a crime. The reasons why we know the meanings behind Van Gogh’s work
are because of the hundreds of letters that he wrote.
Here are some texts from a letter describing the painting
I have tried to express the terrible passions of humanity by
means of red and green. The room is blood red and dark yellow with a green
billiard table in the middle; there are four lemon-yellow lamps with a glow of
orange and green. Everywhere there is a clash and contrast of the most alien
reds and greens, in the figures of little sleeping hooligans, in the empty
dreary room, in violet and blue. The blood-red and the yellow-green of the
billiard table, for instance, contrast with the soft tender Louis XV green of
the counter, on which there is a rose nosegay. The white clothes of the
landlord, watchful in a corner of that furnace, turn lemon-yellow, or pale
The Courtesan by Vincent van Gogh is one of many van Gogh’s Japonaiserie
paintings. Japonaiserie was the term
that van Gogh used to express the influence of Japanese art. He never traveled
to Japan, but he collected, copied, and sold ukiyo-e. Ukiyo-e is a genre of
Japanese woodblock prints and paintings produced between the 17th
century and 20th centuries. Now only were they popular in Japan, but
also in Europe. Not only do I like van Gogh’s work, but also his incorporation
to Japanese art (Ukiyo-e). Mostly Japanese art is about nature, landscapes, and
tales, which are the reasons I like it.
Le Moulin de la Galette by Pierre-Auguste Renoir is a painting
depicting a typical Sunday afternoon at Moulin de la Galette. In the late 19th
century, working class Parisians would dress up and spend time there dancing,
drinking, and eating galettes into the evening. This was becoming a trend for
the French working class people and not just the wealthy people. Leisure theme
paintings were also becoming popular to artist.
Here are some other leisure paintings
Luncheon of the Boating Party by Pierre-Auguste
A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte by