The art movement, Surrealism, developed during the late 1920s- 30s. Surrealism was inspired by DaDa movement, its main objective was to free people from the imprisonment of societal norm. Indeed, surrealism is defined as the pure psychic automatism by which it intended to express, wither verbally or in writing, the true function of thought; thought dictated in the absence of all control exerted by reason, and outside all aesthetic or moral preoccupations.There are two key themes of surrealist paintings: 1) the original function of an object is denied 2) the viewer is forced to re evaluate the work, and to question any pre-disposed expectations. In addition, there are two different types of surrealist art: 1) Biomorphic Surrealism - more natural forms, they are a dictation of thought without control of the mind 2) Oneric surrealism - recognizable scenes metamorphosed into dream images and in some cases nightmares.
Along with Rene Magritte and Andre Breton, the Spanish surrealist painter Salvador Dali remains one of the most celebrated surrealist painter in art history. My post will focus on his painting The Persistence of Memory. Salvador Dali was greatly influenced by the Freudian Philosophy concerning dreams and throughout his career Dali described his paintings as "hand painted dream photographs". Dali's art focused on the relationship between art and the subconscious mind. Dali would through himself into fits of subconscious thoughts, would try to replicate what he saw in his dreams, and would even experiment with hallucinogens (drugs) in order to see their effects on his art.
The Persistence of Memory focuses on several themes: time, and imagination vs. reality. When I look at this painting, I feel tired. It make me want to hide under the covers. It also reminds me that time is really just a figment of our imagination, it is not a physical object.