Monday, December 9, 2013

Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela

The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is a Roman Catholic cathedral located in Galicia, Spain.  The cathedral is both a burial place of Saint James the Greater, and a destination of the Way of Saint James, a pilgrimage route since the Early Middle Ages.  The styles of the cathedral include Romanesque with later Gothic and Baroque additions.  Each facade with its adjacent squares make up an urban plaza. Some features of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela include:
Cathedral of Santiago
de Compostela
The Portico da Gloria: a Romanesque portico designed by Master Mateo.  Three round arches respond to the three naves of the church.  The central arch, which is twice as large as the others, has a tympanum and is divided by a central column (a mullion).
Portico da Gloria
Tympanum: arrangement based on the description of Christ that John makes in the Book of Revelations.

Mullion: Figure of St. James as patron of the basilica. Capital above the head represents the temptations of Christ. Capital below the feet represents figures of the Holy Trinity.

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