This is a French term that when translated means "Chinese-esque". This European style first emerged onto the scene in the mid-to-late 17th century. It reached a peak in the 18th century when French painter, François Boucher, assimilated it into his rococo works.
Some of the characterizing features of chinoiserie include asymmetrical forms with whimsical contrasts of scale. These began in attempts to imitate Chinese porcelain, which is one of the most significant forms of Chinese art since they are easily provided with the materials for these ceramics.